<白鹿原>

終於在週末折騰的地鐵上,看完《白鹿原》,還好最後朱先生死時不可抑制的眼淚是在家里流的,再也沒有這樣的人了,這一百年來,那樣凜然的尊嚴。想起上星期地鐵上,我直接拒掉傳教者曰:我信儒家。對方說了一通后說:你很自信。我回答:“哈,我知道我太不謙虛。”兩個宗教文化取向畢竟是不同的。

微博上說是很不痛快的。所以放著拖延了好幾個月的稿件,來到這裡。

百度了一下,竟然看到這本小說十月份要被拍成電影。排除掉我對視覺文化的不偏好外,光是看媒體批評論就很惱火。在我看來,陳忠實對於性的描寫可能有其充分的理由,但正如羅萌所說:這些作家對於農村的想像總流於色情(或者流於原始神秘?)。可是商業化的時候,還有什麽作為噱頭?

毋庸置疑,朱先生就是那頭白鹿,或者“白鹿精神”,進一步想,支撐著白嘉軒一路穩固興家,屹立於風雨中的風水白鹿,就是這種一脈相通的“白鹿精神”———白鹿原的“仁義之風”。我實在很感激陳忠實對儒家精神的信任。在政權更迭、相互擒殺中,他把所有的精神重任委給了關中學派。而這正是我對此小說如此喜愛的最主要原因。

可這樣說未免流於簡單。在風雨飄搖的歲月里,百無一用的書生只能做的是修縣志,而且最終因為經費不足只能勉強引發十本,給九個作者以及一個不看混亂逃跑的縣長。故事還沒完,隨著棺木入的縣志固然只能灰飛煙滅,但其他九套呢?在那群魔亂舞的年代,居在地棺都會被挖地三尺而出,更何況曝露在神州上?所以,朱先生苦心經營了一輩子的“天地之命,生民之心”,最終是否真的因“立言”而三不朽了呢?凜冽的人格,在保有自身的尊嚴上是不可侵犯讓人肅然起敬的,深知萬民為之動容,可是我們知道,生時它不能力挽狂瀾,稍微緩萬民水火之苦(賑災之後再無事矣,失去了政治權力的儒家,終究不再有任何的實際效用,余英時先生所指望的在“私”層面發揮的作用是否可行呢?);死后的今天,陝西的民風是否淳樸如昔?在那樣流亂的日子以及可能更流亂的今天,它還淳樸嗎?

但縱然如此,我嚮往那樣的一種頂天立地。“自信平生無愧事,死後方敢對晴天”。這話真是說絕,情節的設置也煽情到極致。很多人懷疑朱先生這樣近乎完美的人是不可能。但我卻對此深信不疑。儘管被認為是關學最後一位大儒,但朱先生,白鹿書院,這導致在閱讀過程中我總是想起朱熹的面孔。我們總是用小人之心度君子之腹,用今天的種種來看平所有的存在,但漫漫歷史長河中,何嘗沒有這樣的人?說實際點,這樣的人又難道是我們做不到的?只是我們沒有原則罷了。

但縱然如此,這樣一種不愧天地的凜然良心,並非真的就能鳶飛於天,魚躍於淵地與天地合流了。余英時批評新儒家說“良心的傲慢”,確然。在朱先生尚有痕跡,更遑論白嘉軒了。小娥的悲劇是個最明顯的證據。你可以說,這是所謂的封建殘餘,或者所謂的禮教害人,但若深究,從來不往後不退後確認完全的正確,或許才是最容易鑄錯的。由頭到尾,白嘉軒從未發生任何信仰的動搖,退後。“子曰:吾日三省乎吾身”,“慎獨”與“反省”是儒家最重要的教條。任何一種以道德上的確信而進行的寬容,其實帶有太重的令人難以忍受的傲慢。

可是,我們能說什麼呢?堅定的信仰總容易走到這一步,有時這甚至只是一種英雄氣。真正讓人如沐春風,何嘗容易?是,這就是朱先生之所以為聖人,而冷、白先生只是凡夫所在。而這又是朱先生最終自己成為聖人,卻終究莫奈這個世事何。真正的儒家道德教化,是春風化雨的,而春風化雨需要實際接觸,人不找我,我不強求人。“不可與言而與之言”,夫子不為也。

罷了。閱讀時,寫到朱先生找親時,我就想,真可惜啊,這年頭沒有這樣看眼睛的男人了!

革命者的無父無母書寫(想像?)真是個可以探討的現象。(巴金三部曲)這種截斷傳統的熱血與傳統對於傳宗接代的執著,呈現了極端的兩極。看起來誰都有道理,但誰都殘酷得可以。

又,小說對於國民革命的文學想像,真是個可以追究的問題。戲劇的道德想像不也同樣嗎?

睡吧。我很高興我又回到了這個世界,而我也高興我要做這個題目。再怎麼百無一用是書生,當你想到,手中捧著的是幾千年的東西時,你才會感動人之所以人的原因。

以為半小時的成果要被電腦吞噬后,竟然保住了。想跺腳罵的同時,也想著這麼點芝麻事都忍不住,修養也真是夠到家的。

 

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